A brief look at the history of St. Alphonsus Liguori
Saint Alphonsus Liguori was born September 27, 1696 outside Naples, Italy. He was the oldest of eight children, with a father who was a retired naval officer and a mother who had great zeal for her faith. Alphonsus received an exceptional education that led him into a legal profession where he served as a successful lawyer. Following the loss of his first court case, and with much discernment, Alphonsus determined that he would leave his career and join the priesthood.
Alphonsus was ordianed a diocesan priest in 1726 where he focused much of his vocation training catechists to work in the slums and with the poor. He was later ordered by his doctor to retreat to the countryside to rest and focus on increasing his state of health. There, Alphonsus continued his quest for catechizing as he worked closely with the natives in the mountains.
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In 1762 Alphonsus was appointed and consecrated as a bishop. He focused his work with renewing the seminary and strengthening the spirituality of the clergy and lay members in his diocese. Through his time as bishop Alphonsus was still seen working closely with people in need as he served the poor and even opened his residence up to them.
Alphonsus resigned as bishop in 1775 and later returned to his native village as his health began to deteriorate.
On August 1, 1787, Alphonsus died. He was beatified September 15, 1816 and canonized May 26, 1839. In 1871 Pius IX declared St. Alphonsus Liguori a doctor of the Church and in 1950, Pius XII declared him the patron of moralists and confessors.Read more about the life of St. Alphonsus Liguori
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